When asked why Americans know little about Britain’s plan to leave Europe’s economic union (EU),  I usually  explain  there is none.  The UK was sold fear and imperial nostalgia the way Goebbels sold the Third Reich.  The Wall Street Journal, depicts a grim period of economic challenge if not economic decline for the “Sceptered Isle.”  If England’s plight is difficult, Ireland’s could be disastrous. As if BREXIT implications weren’t enough, the 1998 Belfast Treaty or Good Friday accord which ended the armed conflict  is in peril. Both nations may be calling on America for help but for different reasons.

The island of Ireland is home to Europe’s most enduring monument to religious hatred, a border carved by British bayonets and anti-Catholic bigotry.  It  separates  six counties from the Irish Republic’s 26 counties.   The Conservative Prime Minister Theresa  May ignores  key obligations  of the Belfast Treaty  which complicates British-Irish relations.  The second round of BREXIT talks between the EU’s Michel Barnier and Britain’s David Davis ended recently with the EU clearly annoyed.  Barnier explained the 95 person UK delegation was not prepared to address  Ireland’s  trade/border issue. The new Irish Taoiseach ( Prime Minister), Leo Varadkar has expressed pique with UK expectations that Ireland should help address the border trade problem their BREXIT vote created.  His  common sense proposal is to  use  the Irish Sea  as the border.

Unfortunately an election forced  PM May to  hurriedly conclude a Confidence and Supply Parliamentary pact with the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) of NI.  This  binds their 10 votes to the Conservatives giving them an operating majority on specified matters like  all BREXIT votes.  The DUP has a unique history  of Catholic persecution and refuses to be accountable   for  loyalist collaboration with security forces in the murders of hundreds of Catholics.   The  pact with the DUP clearly   contradicts both the spirit and letter  of the Belfast Treaty.    Ms.  May assured Varadkar  the Conservative-DUP pact “…should not in any way impact on the Belfast Treaty.”

Does he not realize that the May government has prepared legislation to grant amnesty   to all British soldiers involved in killings in NI and to scrap the European Convention of Human Rights? Both  would contravene the powers of the  NI Assembly. Britain’s failure to fulfil  the legacy provisions of the Good Friday agreement is egregious.  Some   victims in the North  have waited as long as 46 years for an inquest into their loved ones killing.  This from a  nation claiming to respect the rule of law.  The delays and cover-up are    not without purpose.  If inquests and investigations into hundred’s of Catholic killings were to proceed, the results will  change the entire British narrative of the conflict in Ireland.


The UK’s Trade Representative, Liam Fox,  promoted support for a post-BREXIT US  trade deal in  Wall Street Journal and  cited  British and American’s shared values of democracy and the rule of law. Undermining the N. Ireland Assembly and ignoring Belfast Treaty obligations are hardly t ways for the British to  secure a favorable trade deal with America!   Mr. Fox played his own part by  flouting the Treaty’s  legacy provisions  when, as Minister of Defense, he denied Ireland’s request for full disclosure of the British Army role in the deadliest day of the 30 year conflict; the no warning bombings of Dublin and Monaghan Towns.

The EU is Ireland’s first defense against the effects of BREXIT but with 27 member nations consensus may be difficult however sympathetic the circumstances.  Enter  President Trump by his own admission a great negotiator.   He  has assured  the British Prime Minister of “a great” trade deal to  aid the UK’s exit from the EU.   But a  good trade deal with one ally should not be at the expense of another. That’s the dilemma.  Can the President give favorable trade deals to England and ignore the  Belfast Treaty violations or  the negative effects of  BREXIT  on Ireland’s economy?   Here’s a thought.  The President and Congress just added sanctions on Iran  for “…default of  the spirit of the Iran  nuclear accord.”   The U. S.  could cite the  UK violations of the Belfast Treaty and threats to Ireland’s economy, and stipulate contingent requirements of  relief before approving any US-UK trade deals.    Isn’t that what America’s values and good negotiating are  all about?



Michael J. Cummings, a native of Springfield, Mass., is a graduate of St. Anselm’s College (B. A., 1968)  and  New York University (M. P. A., 1970)  and a  former member of the National Boards of the Irish American Unity Conference (1996-2013),   the Ancient Order  of Hibernians (2001-2008), and the  Irish Northern Aid Committee (1988-1996).  He served six National AOH Presidents,  5 IAUC  National Presidents  and two National Chairman of INA primarily in  public relations capacities.   He is the only person to serve on the national policy making bodies  of all three  major Irish American organizations.    He also served on the Commission on Peace and Justice of the  Roman Catholic Diocese of Albany.  He served 36 years  with the State of New York including as Assistant Deputy Comptroller.

Cummings has appeared on American, English and Irish television and radio and his commentary and letters and those of the Presidents have appeared in major American, Irish-American, and Catholic print media. He is a frequent columnist for the weekly IRISH ECHO newspaper    






17 Responses to U.S. BREXIT DILEMMA:  BELFAST TREATY by Michael John Cummings

  1. gaz August 8, 2017 at 6:52 pm #

    A rather blinkered view of events from Mr Cummings-Would award him 2 out of 10
    Must do better Michael

    • Bridget Cairns August 9, 2017 at 7:51 am #

      And your analysis would be……………..

  2. paddykool August 9, 2017 at 8:05 am #

    My thoughts exactly , Bridget. where is the reasoned critique from gaz. A one -liner put -down is just a lazyapproach which adds nothing to our understanding of his own thoughts on the matter.It’s not a dumd game-show .

    • Bridget Cairns August 9, 2017 at 9:41 am #

      My own belief is that this article is way above Gaz,s head. I think that michael has clearly explained the impact of Brexit on matters here in a succinct manner. Well done Michael

  3. Pointis August 9, 2017 at 10:44 am #

    I agree Bridget if someone has gone to the effort of constructing an opinion piece then if someone is going to ‘knock it’ and at the same time expect to have any credibility they should at the very least put together some coherent counter arguments.

    Maybe this is just too much to expect from some!

  4. Eolach August 9, 2017 at 10:56 am #

    Given Gaz’s normal contributions , I think his couple of lines is sufficient….. loyalism/Unionism is not known for its intelligence so best left alone.

  5. Fra Stone August 9, 2017 at 12:26 pm #

    This agreement was trumpeted as an international agreement, and as such, if there are any violations of the agreement, then there has to be, must be consequences for those that are breaking the agreement.

  6. Willie D. August 9, 2017 at 12:33 pm #

    I almost stopped reading after the first line, which seems to suggest that E.U. means “Economic Union.” Of course it ceased to be that a long time ago and has since been transformed into a supranational bureaucracy/technocracy, which might explain why so many people voted to leave it. In the E.U. the aforementioned bureaucrats/technocrats have found the perfect vehicle for neutering/ignoring democracy. Their reaction to the result of the U.K. referendum is, therefore, predictable, though I believe their greatest bemusement arises from the fact that the British government and opposition have actually decided to implement the result. The E.U.’s usual past reaction to referendums, which went against it, has been either to ignore the result and introduce the measures anyway under a different name, or as in the case of the Irish Republic to have a re-run, accompanied by threats, until you get the result you want. The infatuation of Irish and Scottish nationalists with this organisation has long puzzled me, you would imagine it would be abhorrent to everything they stand for.
    Apart from that, just the usual incoherent article from this author, filled with statements for which he produces no corroboration. I’m not a fan of the DU.P., but where is the evidence that they have a “unique history of Catholic persecution.” I do however support his belief that the families of all those unlawfully killed during “The Troubles” deserve justice, though strangely Michael makes no mention of the 60% of victims, many of them Catholics, killed by Republicans.

    • fiosrach August 9, 2017 at 3:25 pm #

      The thing is,Willie , that this is a voluntary Union and nations can leave if it doesn’t please them. However, the union that we, Irish, are in is not voluntary and we cannot leave so easily.

    • Bridget Cairns August 9, 2017 at 5:29 pm #

      Unlawfully killed, tell me who was lawfully killed Willie

      • Tam August 9, 2017 at 7:00 pm #

        The IRA men attacking Loughgall are an obvious example.

      • Willie D. August 10, 2017 at 2:02 pm #

        One example just off the top of my head of a lawful killing would be that of the U.V.F. man Brian Robinson, shot dead by an undercover soldier after he and another man had killed a Catholic, Patrick McKenna, in Ardoyne on September 2, 1989.

  7. Pointis August 9, 2017 at 1:27 pm #

    I didn’t think I would find myself agreeing with you Willie D but credit where credit is due.

    I agree with you that it would indeed be difficult to provide evidence of the DUP’s “unique history of Catholic persecution” because it wasn’t unique and was exhibited by the previous Unionist government, the Orange Order, and by such organisations which took their Catholic persecution to a whole different level such as UDA, UFF, UVF, LVF, RHC, 3rd Force. Not forgetting of course the British Government and elements of their security forces including significant numbers within the RUC and the UDR.

  8. Eolach August 9, 2017 at 2:57 pm #

    Point made Pointis !

  9. Tam August 9, 2017 at 4:53 pm #

    Yes, a poor article.

    How does the DUP-Tory greement contradict both the spirit and letter of the “Belfast Treaty”?

    What “legacy provisions of the Good Friday agreement” haven’t been “fulfilled”?

    • Bridget Cairns August 9, 2017 at 5:33 pm #

      Clearly you are on the same page as gaz……..

      • Tam August 9, 2017 at 7:01 pm #

        Play the ball not the man.